It was the first time anyone compared and questioned the practices in the international fine art world that overlooked and marginalized Black Artists. It was stolen and suppressed so certain non-Black arts university professors, curators and art dealers could rule, control and exploit the remnants and aging Black artists from this practice.
Onli was a talented teenager zooming through all of this in the '60s & '70s. As a participant. Onli founded the Black Arts Guld when he was 18 and led it until he was 25. BAG, as it was known, was predicated on launching the professional careers of young talented Black visual artists. And it succeeded! Refusing to be denied or thusly exploited.
Words and Pictures Sequential Arts Resource Page:
Art Principles: The combination of art elements that give a work of art more sophistication. This includes perspective, proportion, movement, intensity, unity, pattern, texture, contrast, and rhythm.
Critique: A standardized evaluation.
Sequential Art: Drawings that are linked by a progression that follow or actually tells a story from start to finish. This is typical of movie story boards and comic books.
Surrealism: A style of art that was created in the early 20th century based on images that were derived from the subconscious or dream state of the human mind. Surrealists often depicted dreamscape environments, transmuted creatures, and ironic concepts. This type of work required a practiced disciplined technical ability to produce convincing results and effects. It was a reaction to the idea that artwork should be based on the real world as we normally experience it. Salvador Dali became the most effective of the surrealists by using the concepts of psychiatry in a lot of his artwork. This "inner world" was presented in the groundbreaking psychoanalytical research of Sigmund Freud.
Heavy Metal Music: A music form that was created in the late '60s that was based on the intense application of electrified and distorted sound, powerful cord progressions, pulsating rhythms, screaming vocals, and extravagant stage shows. The music was derived from concepts found in the Blues, Classical, and Folk music. It epitomized the idea of a growing counter-culture that could be as viable as mainstream society. A writer for the Rolling Stone magazine first used the term "heavy metal music" to describe a performance by the Jimi Hendrix Experience rock band. This is reported to be gleaned from its earlier use in author WIlliam S. Burroughs' book, "The Naked Lunch" which conveyed insightful passions of the "Beat Generation".
Rhythmism: An approach to creating art that draws its energy from the primitive-tribal past and projects that influence into a contemporary or futuristic context. It includes fine, esoteric, professional, or commercial art forms. The term was coined by Turtel Onli, in Chicago Illinois, during the seventies to set a section of artwork that he was advocating aside from the larger, more vague concept of "Black Art." It came out of his participation in both the Black Power movement and the counter-culture youth movements of that period. Usually the subject matter was pop images, or mystical icons. He viewed it as mainstream and went on to apply it to illustration, TV courtroom illustration, fine art, wearable art, comic-books, broadcast media, and therapeutic art.
Cubism: The use of cube-like angular geometric shapes to express esoteric, mystical, and personal ideas in a non-western Africanized , primitive tribal, conceptual context. The cubists often looked to the traditional sculpture of Africa for visual ideas. This movement started in western Europe during the early part of the 20th century. The cubists were energetic in painting, drawing, printmaking, and all types of sculpture. Ironically this movement excluded artists of African descent and is looked upon as a western European movement.
Pop Art: A movement in modern art that treated everyday popular images, celebrities, and items as subjects of artistic concentration. By nature Pop Art is to be popular, designed for the masses, transient, expendable, low cost, mass produced, youth oriented, witty, sexy, gimmicky, glamorous, and big business. Common objects and images were often used by these artists to challenge the traditions established about suitable subject matter for art. Many Pop Artists were trained as commercial artists before becoming active in this movement.
Afro-centric Art: Trans-African art. This type of art is derived from the idea of a modern african esthetic. It started with the guerilla art movement of the mid-sixties in Chicago with the creation of the Wall of Respect and the Wall of Truth murals that symbolized Black nationalism and liberation. This art uses bright colors, harmony, music, tones, patterns, words, and icons to express themes of pride, social responsibility, the Black family, community issues, and dignity. It tends to be functional and integrated into the community. Muralist Bill Walker organized the Walls of Respect and Truth murals with the help of a large number of radical thinking community based artists. Jeff Donaldson founded the Africobra group to promote the idea of Trans African art. Robert E. Paige designed the Dakkabar collection for Sears at that time to promote these types of ideas in high profile textile design. Turtel Onli started BAG: the Black Arts Guild to be a training guild for student artists dedicated to a career in the visual arts and the rise of Black culture in America. He also started the Black Age of Comics as a movement in alternative comic book publishing. John Pittman-Weber worked hard to create the Public Art Workshop. All of this was based in Chicago during the sixties until the present.
Imagists: This was a movement that started in Chicago in the late sixties. These artists were looking toward tribal art, folk art, art brut, and pop art for inspiration. They came into prominence after a series of group shows at the Hyde Park Art Center on the south side of Chicago. Their work used bright colors, neon effects, large images with flat backgrounds, and subjects that were esoteric, political, or popular in origin. They were challenging the fact that most Chicago based galleries and museums of the time would not feature Chicago based artists. They went on to become the dominant artists for Chicago in the fine art scene. Their work appears in major corporate, personal, or museum collections.
Negritudism: This is art that tried to link Negro culture to a romantic expression of African based images or ideas. Much of the art associated with the Harlem Renaissance was created in this mode. This would be during the early to middle 20th century American culture. These images tended to be very idealistic yet well crafted. It was a powerful force against the negative images that were associated with Negro culture at the time. Some of it was found in forms of Art Deco stylizations of the period.
Carving: A sculptural method where sections are taken away in order to create a resulting three dimensional work of art. Usually this is done with wood, clay, or stone. This is often called a subtractive process because material is taken away to create the final product.
Etching: Designs or marks that are scratched into the surface with a sharp tool. There is also a printing process by the same name.
Illustration: An image that is created to tell a story, communicate an idea, or interpret a concept. This image may be a photograph, a drawing, a painting, a collage, or a digital design. Typically illustrations are used in the publication and broadcast industries.
Motifs: Designs that are used to characterize an idea or concept. It could also be a elemental theme that is used in a routine way.
Numbers: A set system of symbols that represent various amounts or quantities.
Picture Writing: A system of writing that is based on the use of actual pictures. The ancient Egyptians, Mesopotamian, Mayas, Incas, and Chinese developed very complicated systems of picture writing.
Symbols: Images that represent very specific ideas or institutions. Logos are similar to symbols.
Written Language: A system of drawn or written symbols that correspond to organized verbalized sounds when read aloud and has set rules of grammar, definitions, syntax, and utility.
2. Comic book readers tend to have above average reading scores.
3. Comic books were invented in the United States. The artists and writers of comic books are referred to as "creators."
4. The comic book industry is usually divided into the following categories: Golden Age, Silver Age, Marvel Age, Manga, Bande Dessinee, and The Black Age.
5. Art and visual artists can be found in every level of society regardless of class or culture. Every culture or social group has developed various standards and roles for the arts.
6. Certain traffic signs, hazard signs, instructional symbols, and icons can be viewed as contemporary manifestations of picture writing.
Static Shock: Rebith of the Cool by Milestone Media / Dwayne McDuffie
Black Jack / Blood and Honor by Dark Angel / Al Simmons
Team BLANGA from www.comixpress.com by Turtel Onli
Millennia Wars from www.comixpress.com by Ashley A. Woods
CARBON.1 from www.lulu.com by Grey
The Man Who Drew Too Much from www.lulu.com by Tim Jackson
Theories and Documents of Contemporary Art: Kristine Stiles
How To Look At Modern Art: Philip Yenawine